RAFFLESIA

History

Rafflesia flower is a genus of parasitic plants. He was discovered in the Indonesian rain forest by a guide from Indonesia who works for Dr. Joseph Arnold in 1818, and named after Thomas Stamford Raffles, leader of the expedition. He made up approximately 27 species (including four who have not fully known trademark as recognizable by Meijer 1997)

all species found in Southeast Asia, the Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra, and the Philippines. This plant has no stems, leaves or true roots. Rafflesia is an endoparasite of vines in the genus Tetrastigma (family Vitaceae), spreading haustoriumnya similar roots in the network’s vines.

The only part of Rafflesia plants that can be seen outside the host plants is the flower crown of five. In some species, such as Rafflesia arnoldii, diameter of flowers may be more than 100 cm, and weighs up to 10 kg. Even the smallest species, Rafflesia manillana, flower diameter of 20 cm.

The flowers look and smell like rotten meat, that’s why he is called “carrion flower” or “flower of the flesh”. The unpleasant smell of the flowers attract the insects such as beetles, flies and muck, which carry pollen from male flowers to female flowers. Little is known about the spread of seeds. However, squirrels and other forest mammals apparently eat the fruit and spread seeds. Rafflesia is the official state flower of Indonesia, as well as the province of Surat Thani, Thailand.

The name “carrion flower” that is used to Rafflesia is confusing because the common name also used for the Amorphophallus titanum (suweg giant / trunk krebuit) from the family Araceae. Moreover, because of Amorphophallus has the largest unbranched inflorescence in the world, it is sometimes mistakenly regarded as the largest flower in the world. Both Rafflesia and Amorphophallus are plants flower, but their kinship distance.

Rafflesia arnoldii has the largest single flower in the world from all flowering plants, at least if the people judging from the weight. Amorphophallus titanum has the largest unbranched inflorescence, while palm Talipot (Corypha umbraculifera) has the largest inflorescence branched, consisting of thousands of flowers, this plant monokarpik, which means that each individual die after flowering.

Spesies  Rafflesia

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Wawan Haryanto cah Temanggung

Asli cah Temanggung, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia

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